The autonomous community of Catalonia was established by the statute of autonomy of December 18, 1979.
The government consists of a Generalitat (an executive council headed by a president) and a unicameral parliament.
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North of the Catalanides is a high tableland that comprises most of prevails throughout most of Catalonia, with hot, dry summers and mild, relatively rainy winters.
The towns of the Catalan coast have dominated the development of the region, with the result that the population is heavily concentrated along the Mediterranean, increasingly depopulating the hinterland.
Those who favoured independence interpreted the result as a victory, while those who opposed it emphasized the fact that pro-independence parties received just 48 percent of the popular vote.
On November 9, 2015, the Catalan parliament narrowly approved a measure to implement a “peaceful disconnection from the Spanish state.” Rajoy immediately reiterated the central government’s position that any such move would be illegal and opposed by Madrid.
, and the independence campaign was suspended while the Constitutional Court considered the legality of the vote.