This type of relationship is exemplified by the institution of pederasty among the Classical Greeks or those engaged in by novice samurai with more experienced warriors; southern Chinese, and Congolese, that in ancient Greece, egalitarian relationships co-existed (albeit less privileged) with the institution of pederasty, and fascination with adolescents can also be found in modern sexuality, both opposite-sex and same-sex.
Egalitarian same-sex relationships are the principal form present in the Western world, while age- and gender-structured same-sex relationships are less common (though they are still significant and coexist with the postmodern egalitarian form in Latin America, where male heterosexuals and "butch" i.e.
Plato's Symposium also gives readers commentary on the subject, at one point considering the claim that male-male love is superior to male-female love.
macho, active/insertive bisexuals and pansexuals can even share a single identity).
As a byproduct of growing Western cultural dominance, this form is spreading from Western culture to non-Western societies although there are still defined differences between the various cultures.
In the twentieth century, entertainers such as Noël Coward, Madonna, k.d.
lang, and David Bowie have brought homoeroticism into the field of western popular music.
It is through these and other modern songwriters and poets that female homoerotic work by women, rather than erotic art by men with lesbian themes, has had its greatest cultural impact in the West since the ancient Greek poet Sappho.